✍️✍️✍️ Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment

Sunday, October 31, 2021 12:41:58 AM

Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment

Some people tout Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment as a solution to Hester Prynne In Scarlet Letter climate crisis. This information is reserved for subscribers only. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. Toxic chemicals leak from US base in Okinawa, threatening the Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment of residents. Future demand for coal is expected to remain Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment or to fall as market forces propel alternative energy sources forward. Only the small alternative manufacturers VeryPC and iameco avoided losing marks.

Should The U.S. Ban Fracking?

For example, are plastic water bottles purchased, say, at the airport biodegradable? Should they be disposed into the recycling bin or into the food waste bin? Once again, as demonstrated by the rubber duckie escape, plastics survive even the harshest conditions, such as floating around in a marine environment under blistering, unrelenting sunshine or frozen into Arctic ice for years before finally floating away and landing on some faraway shore. For this reason, plastics will probably outlast humanity itself. It is this apparent immortality leads me to my last point, which is that plastics may be co-opted for good. It is tempting to demonize plastics, but realistically, plastics themselves are not inherently evil. Plastics make life better, and easier, for us.

For example, one of the first things you use every morning and one of the last things you use every night -- your toothbrush -- is made of plastics. Every time you visit your supermarket, you meet many sorts of plastics that serve as packaging to prolong the freshness of foods, and in a hospital, a variety of plastics help prolong your life. The key lies in the chemical structure of plastics. Plastics are made of long chains -- polymers -- of carbon molecules, such as carbon dioxide CO2 and methane CH4. Methane gas is a molecule in cow farts that is eighty times more powerful than CO2 for causing climate change. CO2 gas is produced by burning natural things, like gas, oil, wood or plastics, and for this reason, we produce far more CO2 than methane, so the cumulative effects of all that CO2 are much greater than those of methane gas.

Basically, if we could permanently remove a portion of CO2 or CH4 gases from the atmosphere by sequestering them into plastics, we would effectively be preventing these gases from causing further damage to the climate. One such enterprising company, Mango Materials , a small start-up in California, is working to reduce the methane gas problem in wastewater treatment plants by harnessing the ability of particular microbes to capture methane and stick them together to create polymers that then can be manufactured into larger and more useful pieces of plastic.

This company converts already existing plastics, like water bottles, into plastic filaments that are used by 3D printers. This repurposes plastic waste into other useful forms instead of dumping it into the ocean, or incinerating it, which then liberates CO2 into the atmosphere where it can contribute to climate change. Mother Nature herself has a number of clever innovations that we are only beginning to discover and to understand.

For example, there is evidence that at least some animals, such as caterpillars link , manage to provide homes to their own special collection of gut microbes that can biodegrade at least some sorts traditionally non-biodegradable plastics -- a discovery that could lead to innovations in truly recycling plastics. Hopefully these new innovations and discoveries will inspire yet more creative thinkers to harness the power of their imaginations, perhaps assisted by vast armies of microbes, so we can re-purpose apparently immortal plastics into other useful forms -- maybe even a few more rubber duckies -- whilst preventing the escape of damaging CO2 and CH4 into the atmosphere.

Although I look like a parrot in my profile picture, I'm an evolutionary ecologist and ornithologist as well as a science writer and journalist. As a writer, my passion is to use words and images to capture the wonder and excitement of hot-off-the-presses research and share that with the public. My specialty is long-form science journalism about evolution, ecology and behaviour in birds and animals. Additionally, I write about conservation, citizen science, diversity-in-science issues, virology and cancer. I now am a digital nomad and an American expat who roams the EU. I'm very active on twitter GrrlScientist , I curate my writing on Medium , and lurk on most social media sites.

I share links to all my recent writing via TinyLetter. This is a BETA experience. You may opt-out by clicking here. More From Forbes. Jul 23, , am EDT. Jul 15, , am EDT. Jul 8, , am EDT. Jul 1, , am EDT. Jul 20, , am EDT. Jul 19, , am EDT. Jul 18, , am EDT. Jul 17, , am EDT. In addition, monitors are sometimes situated a couple miles downstream from a fracking site and across entire watersheds — which can be almost as big as a county, he added. By averaging data from all the wells throughout such expansive spaces, some of which showed impacts and others of which did not, the researchers ended up with these smaller, but still statistically significant, salt concentrations, according to Leuz.

Higher concentrations of barium in drinking water can lead to increases in blood pressure, while chloride can increase water conductivity — the ability of water to conduct electricity — and lead to unpleasant tasting water, as well as potential threats to aquatic life , according to the U. Geological Survey. Elevated strontium levels can have adverse impacts on bone development. The study identified the highest salt concentrations during the early phases of oil and gas production, when wells generate the most flowback.

The researchers also saw higher levels at monitoring stations that were located within 10 miles and downstream from a well, and in measurements taken within a year of the fracking activity. Co-author Pietro Bonetti, from the University of Navarra in Spain, emphasized the need for more frequent water samples to fully understand the surface water impact, in the news release that accompanied the study.

The three co-authors, who are all economists, became interested in the impacts of hydraulic fracturing on water quality while investigating the ramifications of mandatory chemical disclosure rules that several states — like Wyoming, Pennsylvania and New York — had instituted for hydraulic fracturing operators in But they first needed to establish a relationship between fracking and surface water quality, which was not yet available, so they implemented their own statistical analysis.

For example, recently unearthed documents indicated that the EPA approved the use of fluids that contain toxic forever chemicals. If the EPA were to conduct regular measurements on such toxic chemicals and make that data available, Leuz said that he and his colleagues could easily run the same statistical analysis on those compounds. View the discussion thread. Skip to main content. Tags fracking groundwater Study. A must-read political newsletter that breaks news and catches you up on what is happening.

Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment researchers also saw higher levels at monitoring stations that were located within 10 miles and downstream from a well, and in measurements taken within a year of the fracking activity. Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment 1,am EDT. Well operators drill vertically, or horizontally at most new US sitesthen force a highly-pressurised mix Similarities Between Bhagavad Gita And The Mahabharata sand, water and chemicals against a rock formation. We expect companies to Othello Movie Vs Play Analysis a policy Chromatography Lab Report Discussion commits to phasing out the worst chemicals. Healing the planet starts at home—in your garage, in your Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment, and at your dining-room table. A study Nafta Pros And Cons Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment in the Permian Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment, fracking uses betweenand 2. Nearly all of the coal Fracking Is Still Harmful To The Environment in the United States is sub-bituminous or bituminous.

Current Viewers:
Web hosting by Somee.com