① Bullying Prevention

Thursday, November 25, 2021 10:55:03 AM

Bullying Prevention



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Protect Yourself Rules - Bullying

It can also be helpful to block the person who is committing cyberbullying. However, a persistent bully will find other means to continue their campaign of harassment. Talking to a teacher, school counselor, or principal can help to end cyberbullying committed by another classmate. In fact, some states mandate that schools maintain a cyberbullying policy in order to help students who are being victimized. Victims should review the terms of service to pinpoint what specific behaviors violate which clauses of the agreement. In addition, social media sites have safety centers that allow users to report cyberbullies and learn how to control who can contact them.

In some states, other cyberbullying behaviors can also be reported to the police. Parental involvement can go a long way toward preventing bullying. Some things parents can do to keep their children safe from cyberbullies include monitoring what children are doing online and what sites they visit, asking for their passwords to check their activity, and encouraging them to talk about it if someone harasses them online.

There are many behaviors that fall under the umbrella of cyberbullying. The following table illustrates how bullying can manifest itself through technology. When a bully takes on the identity of the victim in order to act out and make that person look bad. Impersonation can also occur when a bully pretends to be someone else for the purpose of bullying victims. When a cyberbully sends a barrage of threatening or frightening messages to the victim. Cyberstalking can cause someone to worry about their safety. Some cyberbullies do not work alone. In some cases, they will get other people to band together and harass a victim online.

The impact of bullying can have long-term consequences for everyone related to the activity. The table below explains some of the common effects of bullying. Those who are the victims of bullies are significantly more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol than those who have not been bullied. Similarly, there is a strong correlation between adult drug and alcohol abuse and engaging in bullying behaviors as children. Even the bystanders of bullying are reported to self-medicate by abusing tobacco, illicit drugs, and alcohol. According to studies published in periodicals like the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the American Medical Association: Psychiatry, being the victim of bullying poses an elevated risk of developing depression and becoming suicidal.

And these risks do not tend to subside after graduation. In fact, bullying victims may feel the mental health effects well into adulthood. In addition, bullying victims may experience low self-esteem and experience feelings of anger and bitterness. They may also become preoccupied with revenge fantasies. Those who are bystanders of bullying may also develop depression. In addition, they may have a heightened sense of fear because they feel powerless to defend the victim and worried that they may be bullied themselves. Bystanders may also feel guilty about their inaction. One of the long-lasting effects of bullying can be seen in how victims handle interpersonal relationships.

They can be extremely reluctant to get close to other people and have difficulty with trust. Similarly, bullies experience long-term relationship problems. They are more likely to engage in sexual activity at a young age and contract sexually transmitted diseases. As adults, they tend to be abusive towards their romantic partners and children. Increased absenteeism, low GPA scores, and dropping out of school are common. Similarly, bullies have high dropout rates, and those who witness bullying may also skip school in order to avoid exposure to this activity. Those who are bullied may experience an increase in migraines, stomach aches, sleepless nights, and other physical challenges associated with stress and anxiety.

Children who are the victims of bullying can get help from their school. They should talk to a teacher, principal, or school counselor. In addition, someone who has been the victim of a crime should alert the authorities, while those who are feeling hopeless and suicidal can get help through a suicide hotline. There are also ways that people who have been bullied can help themselves. By finding strategies for dealing with their stress, getting therapy, and making strides to maintain a positive self-image, bullying victims can counteract some of the negative effects.

Also, when dealing with the person doing the bullying, if possible, victims should try to remove themselves from the situation to protect themselves. The way parents respond to bullying can go a long way toward helping a child get through the experience. Then it is vital to have open and honest communication, ensuring that the child feels comfortable talking about the experiences. It is also important for parents to educate themselves about what the school can do to help, and inform a teacher about the bullying behaviors their child is experiencing. They also may be able to get help from programs in the community.

Someone who witnesses acts of bullying should report them to an adult, such as a school counselor or teacher. Also, it can be helpful for bystanders to reach out to the person being bullied. Bullying victims can feel isolated, so communicating with them can help them feel better. When bullying occurs, teachers can use intervention techniques that can help both the victims and the bullies. For example, they can establish classroom activities that give students an understanding of the issue, and help to prevent bullying among classmates.

Also, teachers can speak to the bullies and their victims separately and privately in order to mediate the situation. They may also refer both children to counseling so that they get the help they need for their respective problems. Just as there are warning signs that a child is being bullied, there are also signs that parents can look for that their child is a bully. Some of those signs include:. There are a variety of reasons why someone adopts bullying behaviors. People can become bullies to fit in with a crowd of high-status people who are bullies or to feel better about themselves. It can also be a preemptive way to avoid becoming a victim. Sometimes bullies are also modeling the behaviors they have seen or experienced at home.

Schools can stop bullying by creating a culture of tolerance and making it clear that bullying behaviors are unacceptable. Schools can implement rules that stress treating peers and adults with respect, and establish consequences for those who engage in bullying. Also, setting up a system for reporting bullying makes it easier for victims and witnesses to do something about the bullies in their school. The federal government has not passed legislation about bullying, however, all states have some form of anti-bullying laws. These laws differ from state to state in how they define bullying and the legal recourses available to victims.

Provides videos, blogs, and other resources on how students, schools, and communities can address bullying. The American Humane Association discusses bullying from a humanist perspective, stressing the importance of kindness. It also includes publications on different bullying topics. The National Bullying Prevention Center educates children, parents, and communities about the effects of bullying and why prevention is so important. This site gives tips on how schools can integrate bullying prevention into their culture and policies. Includes information on school and workplace bullying. Includes resources for young people, schools, and families. Includes information on anti-bullying campaigns, how children can get help when bullied, and what can be done to help prevent and stop bullying behaviors.

Created by the U. It also has resources for parents and educators. Includes information on what parents can do if their child with disabilities is bullied. Cites relevant laws. They AAS focuses on training the public to recognize suicide risk and respond to it, addressing common student and workplace situations that could lead to suicide. The National Education Association provides resources to help educators combat bullying in their schools. The National Association of Elementary School Principals gives information that principals can use to stop bullying in their schools.

Content Navigation. Expert Contributor. Marlene Seltzer Marlene Seltzer, M. What makes someone turn into a bully? How do bullies choose who they will treat in this way? Bullying in the workplace is usually about power and control. In over 70 percent of the cases, the bullying is boss to subordinate. Some bullies view aggression positively, show little empathy and have anti-social tendencies. What are some of the emotions that the victims of bullying experience? Most people who are severely bullied suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. Youth who bully are also at increased risk for depression and anxiety. Targets are at increased risk for suicidality and substance abuse. Victims may retreat into themselves, and becomes smaller and more fearful. Targets create a low-status version of themselves, feeling shame.

Some victims, having been bullied over time, become depressed and anxious adults. Is there anything someone being bullied can do? Do not deal with it alone, go to someone you trust and strategize on how to confront it. Bystander intervention has been shown successful. Ignoring a problem does not make it go away. How can bullying be prevented? By creating psychologically healthy and safe work environments. For more information on violence and how it relates to bullying, please see our Violence Awareness and Prevention Guide. Verbal Verbal bullying is the use of words to gain power over someone or to torment them.

Covert As the name suggests, covert bullying is subtle and not easy to detect. Sexual Sexual bullying can include gestures and statements of a sexual nature that are made to intimidate, hurt or offend someone. Reactive This type of bullying is created by the complicated relationship between bullies and their victims. Cyberbullying can be reported in several different ways: School Talking to a teacher, school counselor, or principal can help to end cyberbullying committed by another classmate. Type of Cyberbullying What It Entails Impersonation When a bully takes on the identity of the victim in order to act out and make that person look bad. Cyberstalking When a cyberbully sends a barrage of threatening or frightening messages to the victim.

Flaming Flaming is the use of abusive and vulgar messages to instigate a fight with someone. Bullying has many formal definitions, but typically it is when someone repeatedly uses threats, intimidation or aggression to obtain objects, activities or social gain from others. Bullying prevention focuses on the strategies for reducing bullying behavior by blending PBIS with explicit instruction and redefining the bullying construct. The goal is the same — to reduce bullying behavior — but the process may look different across communities and across elementary, middle and high schools. Everyone in school should know what it means to be respectful. They should know what it looks like and how it feels to be respected.

School-wide definitions help everyone stay consistent. Building on the school-wide foundation of expected behavior, all students should know the signal and routine to let someone know their behavior is unacceptable and needs to stop. The signal is something anyone can use anywhere, anytime. When a student signals a behavior is unwanted and needs to stop, other students need to know how to respond. Students should be taught appropriate responses that are calm and responsible.

The last routine to teach is how students can recruit help from an adult when they experience bullying, harassment, or intimidation. This means every school would benefit from strategies to prevent bullying in their building as a way to increase student safety, prevent problem behavior, and improve student outcomes. Not all students respond equally to bullying prevention strategies, for lots of reasons. Schools implementing PBIS will find it to be an effective framework for preventing and reducing bullying behavior in schools. The strategies listed here come from the resource Reducing the Effectiveness of Bullying Behavior in Schools.

All students and school personnel are taught directly and formally how to behave in safe, respectful, and responsible ways in every school setting. The emphasis is on teaching and encouraging positive social skills and character traits. At this tier, all students may also learn how to respond to the problem behavior of others. This might include:. The first step to starting bullying prevention in your school is to identify whether bullying behavior is a major concern in your building. How often does bullying happen at your school? How many students are involved either as someone demonstrating bullying behavior or as a target of the behavior? Decide as a leadership team whether it is important to you to invest in prevention at your school.

Teaching students formal skills and routines for responding to the problem behavior of others is more than bullying prevention. These procedures should be relevant in all school settings — formal and informal — and address expectations for online interactions, as well as rumors, and face-to-face interactions. The best way to get started with bullying prevention is to take advantage of these online resources. This is a guide for elementary schools implementing Tier 1 supports and where school-wide expectations are taught and acknowledged.

Inside, schools get:. This is a guide for middle schools implementing Tier 1 supports. It provides the self-assessment tools, and lesson plans for teaching core bullying prevention skills. It also includes procedures for conducting student surveys, and student focus groups to ensure that bullying prevention practices adopted by a school are not just technically consistent with research findings, but are culturally consistent with the students and families within the school.

This item self-assessment may be used by school teams typically with their coach to determine if the core features of an effective bullying prevention system are in place. The self-assessment may be used. Resources in this section include assessments, blueprints, examples, and materials to aid in implementing PBIS. Presentations about their experiences, published research, and best practices from recent sessions, webinars, and trainings. Recordings here include keynotes and presentations about PBIS concepts as well tips for implementation. However, the contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the US Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.

Project Officer, Renee Bradley.

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